Founding Fellows
TWAS's 42 Founding Fellows
The idea to create an academy for scientists from the developing world was first discussed among a small group of internationally renowned researchers in October 1981 during a meeting of the Pontifical Academy of Sciences in Rome, Italy. Under the leadership of Abdus Salam, the Pakistani physicist and Nobel laureate, the Third World Academy of Sciences – TWAS – was founded in Trieste, Italy, in 1983, with a formal ceremony at the University of Trieste and the International Centre for Theoretical Physics (ICTP). The initial class of elected members – TWAS's Founding Fellows – was comprised of 42 scientists, nine of them Nobel laureates.
Akhtar, Muhammad United Kingdom 02-Structural, Cell and Molecular Biology
Atiyah, Michael Francis United Kingdom 08-Mathematical Sciences
Bekoe, Daniel Adzei Ghana 05-Chemical Sciences
Benacerraf, Baruj USA 04-Medical and Health Sciences incl. Neurosciences
Bernal, Ignacio Mexico 10-Social and Economic Sciences
Bressani Castignoli, Ricardo Guatemala 03-Biological Systems and Organisms
Chagas, Carlos Brazil 02-Structural, Cell and Molecular Biology
Chandrasekhar, Sivaramakrishna India 09-Physics
Chandrasekhar, Subrahmanyan USA 09-Physics
Chern, Shiing-Shen China 08-Mathematical Sciences
Croxatto Rezzio, Hector Chile 02-Structural, Cell and Molecular Biology
Dhar, Nil Ratan India 05-Chemical Sciences
Döbereiner, Johanna Brazil 01-Agricultural Sciences
Fernández-Morán, Humberto Sweden 04-Medical and Health Sciences incl. Neurosciences
Hua, Loo-Keng China 08-Mathematical Sciences
Javan, Ali USA 09-Physics
Khorana, Har Gobind USA 02-Structural, Cell and Molecular Biology
Lal, Devendra USA 07-Astronomy, Space and Earth Sciences
Lambo, Thomas Adeoye Nigeria 04-Medical and Health Sciences incl. Neurosciences
Lee, Tsung-Dao USA 09-Physics
Leloir, Luis F. Argentina 05-Chemical Sciences
Malu Wa Kalenga, Félix Congo, Dem. Rep. 08-Mathematical Sciences
Menon, Mambillikalathil Govind Kumar India 09-Physics
Miledi, Ricardo USA 04-Medical and Health Sciences incl. Neurosciences
Milstein, César United Kingdom 02-Structural, Cell and Molecular Biology
Odhiambo, Thomas Risley Kenya 03-Biological Systems and Organisms
Paintal, Autar Singh India 04-Medical and Health Sciences incl. Neurosciences
Pal, Benjamin Peary India 01-Agricultural Sciences
Pavan, Crodowaldo Brazil 03-Biological Systems and Organisms
Pereira, Helio Gelli United Kingdom 04-Medical and Health Sciences incl. Neurosciences
Ramachandran, Gopalasamudram Narayana India 09-Physics
Rao, Calyampudi Radhakrishna USA 08-Mathematical Sciences
Rao, Chintamani Nagesa Ramachandra India 05-Chemical Sciences
Ratsimamanga, Albert Rakoto Madagascar 02-Structural, Cell and Molecular Biology
Reichel-Dolmatoff, Gerardo Colombia 10-Social and Economic Sciences
Roche, Marcel Venezuela 03-Biological Systems and Organisms
Rosenblueth, Emilio Mexico 06-Engineering Sciences
Salam, Abdus United Kingdom 09-Physics
Siddiqui, Salimuzzaman Pakistan 05-Chemical Sciences
Swaminathan, Monkombu Sambasivan India 01-Agricultural Sciences
Ting, Samuel Chao Chung USA 09-Physics
Yang, Chen Ning (Frank) USA 09-Physics